Marriage and Family Exam 3 Ch. 12, 13-15 Name__________________________
1. In the documentary about bride burning, _________ of the women seen in this film who were in the hospital died.
2. The husbands in the documentary about bride burning went to the hospital to
a. lovingly support their wives who were recovering from the accident
b. attempt to keep their wives quiet about the burning
c. bring their wives home to recover as is the custom
d. pay the hospital bills so their wives could be treated
3. In the film about bride burning
a. only husbands go to jail
b. the husband and his extended family go to jail
c. the husband’s side and wife’s side go to jail
d. no one goes to jail
4. According to Walker, women who are repeatedly abused may develop a set of psychological symptoms called
a. battered women’s syndrome c. post-traumatic stress disorder
b. assaulted spouse syndrome d. none of the above
5. Women who are most likely to leave a relationship after violence has occurred
a. have modern gender-role associations
b. have traditional gender-role attitudes
c. have romantic attitudes about jealousy
d. have discussed the problem with a professional counselor
6. To reduce the risk of date rape, women should consider all of the following EXCEPT
a. avoiding alcohol
b. going to a private party on the first date
c. sharing expenses
d. being firm and forceful
7. Scholars suggest that divorce does not represent a devaluation of marriage but
a. an idealization of marriage c. a misunderstanding
b. an obsession with marriage d. all of the above
8. According to the text, the lower the ______________, the more likely a person is to divorce.
a. family income
c. attendance at religious services
b. educational level
d. all of the above
9. Kitson and Sussman (1982) found ____________ to be the most common reason people gave for their divorce.
a. personality problems c. authoritarianism
d. home life
10. The first stage of the divorce process where one partner begins to disengage is
a. the emotional divorce c. the legal divorce
b. the psychic divorce d. the co-parental
11. When the former spouse becomes irrelevant (not important) to one’s self and emotional well-being, a person has
accomplished the ____________ divorce.
a. community c. psychic
b. emotional d. economic
12. In terms of its stress-producing potential, divorce is second only to
c. the birth of a child
b. chronic serious illness d. death of a spouse
13. Many people feel that no-fault divorce places which of the following groups at disadvantage?
a. African-Americans c. older homemakers
d. low-income individuals
14. Children living in ____________appear to be the worst adjusted.
a. stable single-parent families c. conflict-ridden two parent families
b. happy gay family
d. stable step families
15. According to Diane Vaughan people do not suddenly separate or divorce. They gradually move apart through a set of fairly
predictable stages. This process is called
a. developing a new self c. uncoupling
b. separation distress d. none of the
16. During which of Wallerstein’s (1983) six developmental tasks of divorce do children finally give up "fairy tale"
wishes that their parents will reunite and live happily ever after?
a. resolution of loss
b. disengaging from parental conflicts
c. resolution of anger and self-blame
d. accepting the finality of divorce
17. All of the following are stages of children’s experience of divorce EXCEPT
a. the initial stage
c. the transition stage
b. the growth stage d.
the restabilization stage
18. Children from which of the following age groups are usually the most upset by their parent’s divorce?
a. preadolescent children
b. preschool children
19. Custody arrangements where children live with one parent who has the main responsibility for raising the children is
20. The permanent absence of one parent generally
a. brings the mother closer to her children
b. makes the mother more responsive to the children
c. leaves the parent more willing to compromise with the children
d. all of the above
21. Successful single parents have all of the following themes running through their lives EXCEPT
a. acceptance of responsibility and challenges of single parenting
b. parenting is their first priority
c. forceful authoritarian discipline
d. dedication to rituals and traditions
22. Which of the following have been identified as strengths associated with successful single- parenting?
c. family management
c. financial support
d. all of the above
23. Which of the following is a post-divorce family made up of two nuclear families?
a. double single-parent family c. split single-parent family
c. post-divorce blended family d. binuclear
24. Which of the following is a subsystem of the binuclear family?
a. the former spouse subsystem c. the parent-child subsystem
b. the remarried couple subsystem d. all of the above
25. What is considered the most complex family system in America today?
a. single-parent family
c. binuclear family
d. nuclear families
26. Custodial and noncustodial parents must facilitate the exchange of
d. all the above
27. Remarriage courtships
a. have well defined rules
b. are short
c. tend to be longer than first marriage courtships
d. none of the above
28. Who has the greatest adjustment to make after remarriage?
29. The former spouse can be
a. an intruder in the new marriage
b. a source of conflict between the remarried couple
c. a handy scapegoat for displacing problems
d. all the above
30. What percent of Americans remarry within a year of their divorce?
a. very few
c. nearly half
b. almost one-third d. the majority
31. The characteristics which make the stepfamily different from the traditional first-marriage family include all EXCEPT
a. almost all members have lost an important primary relationship
b. they are laden (full) with potential difficulties
c. the roles are ill-defined
d. the relationship between a parent and the children predates (comes earlier in time) the relationship between current
32. During which stage of stepfamily development do biological parents expect their children to love the new parent as
much as they do?
33. During which stage does a stepfamily create new norms and family rituals?
b. action d.
34. In which stage of the stepfamily development system is the stepfamily solid?
35. Which of the following is not true regarding women and men in stepfamilies?
a. Most people go into stepfamily relationships expecting to recreate the traditional nuclear family.
b. Stepmother-stepdaughter relationships are the most problematic.
c. Stepfathers tend to experience more problematic family relationships than do stepmothers.
d. The stepmother frequently assumes the role of disciplinarian.
36. Conflict in stepfamilies which is distinguished from conflict in traditional nuclear families is likely to center on
all the following issues except
b. personal conflicts d. money
37. The most pressing needs of African-American teenage mothers are _______ and _________
a. health care, education
c. health care, family support
b. family support, education
d. welfare, health care
38. According to David Mace (1980), all of the following are aspects of successful marriage EXCEPT
a. child rearing
b. commitment d.
creative use of conflict
39. Communication in strong families involves each of the following
a. being indirect
b. good listening
c. being focused on personalities amid conflict
d. all of the above characterize communication in strong families
40. The family
a. is the irreplaceable means by which most of the personality characteristics of individual members of society are formed
b. is a process
c. can be seen on a continuum in terms of quality
d. all of the above
41. Family counselors indicate that one of the first signs of family difficulties is
a. not having a religious orientation
b. parents who allow children to make their own mistakes
c. lack of family time together
d. acknowledging the family’s vulnerabilities
42. A family wellness orientation
a. focuses on disease prevention
b. means that the family has an inner sense of wellness that exists without conscious effort
c. is positive and proactive
d. is all of the above
43. All of the following are characteristics of African-American kin systems EXCEPT
a. a high degree of geographical closeness (live close to one another)
b. rigid and unchanging household boundaries
c. a strong sense of family obligations
d. a system of mutual aid
44. We need people who will listen to us and care for us. Weiss referred to this need as
45. Contacts with kin are especially important in the lives of
c. middle aged persons
b. young adults
d. the aged
46. The word used to describe people who treat each other as family even though they are not related by blood is
a. fictive relative
b. affiliated kin
a. are dynamic c.
satisfy important societal/personal needs
b. are diverse
d. all of the above
48. All of the following are characteristics of strong families of strong families EXCEPT?
c. affirmation, respect, and trust
b. rituals and traditions d. non-spiritual orientation
49. All of the following are true of Native-American families EXCEPT
a. families tend to see human life as being in harmony with nature
b. men play a fundamental (major) role in the extended family
c. they tend to be group-oriented and emphasize cooperation
d. relatives live near each other and are involved in the daily lives of the members
50. A small hole in the wall of the uterus that allows urine and feces to flow uncontrollable is called a/n