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SOCI1160 Exam Ch 3-4
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Answers to 1965 Constitution Test

MULTIPLE CHOICE.  Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

1)Conditions that threaten the world's poor include all of the following except 1) _______

A)malnourishment results in low levels of energy.

B)protein deficiency often leaves infants with permanent brain damage.

C)vitamin deficiencies make people more susceptible to infections diseases.

D)consumption of complex carbohydrates and simple proteins often lead to obesity among the poor.

 

2)The social forces that profoundly disturb the earth's ecosystem include all the following except 2) _______

A)increases in human population.

B)improved use of modern technology.

C)commitment to economic growth.

D)growing inequality in income between the rich and poor.

 

3)Major obstacles to the U.S. adopting a comprehensive plan to curb pollution include 3) _______

A)provisions that allow individuals to do with their land as they choose.

B)individual voluntary commitments to solve the problem.

C)pursuit of the common good.

D)polluters' relationships to our federal system of government.

 

4)According to the text, effective authoritarian alternatives to the business-oriented plan for solving our environmental crisis should include 4) _______

A)government must operate on the premise that pollution is a crime against society.

B)government must not tolerate pollution and polluters.

C)neither A nor B

D)both A and B

 

5)According to the text, the pro-business approach of the current Bush administration will likely allow the energy industry to 5) _______

A)build more nuclear plants.

B)burn more coal.

C)produce more oil and gas in environmentally fragile areas.

D)All of the above are true.

 

6)Which one of the following is not a major source of water pollution? 6) _______

A)industries B) cities

C)farms D) naturally grown fish

 

7)Which one of the following is a major contributor to the deforestation of tropical rainforests? 7) _______

A)lumber and mining companies

B)local government

C)multi-national corporations

D)All of the above are major contributors.

 

8)Which of the following are not major contributors to the greenhouse effect? 8) _______

A)destruction of the tropical rain forests

B)burning of natural fossil fuels

C)refrigerants

D)plant decomposition

 

9)Which of the following will likely to be necessary if we are to deal with our environmental problems? 9) _______

A)put the needs of society over those of individuals

B)control people's freedom to use land and order life as they please

C)limit the expansion of quickly outdated and disposable technology

D)All of the above are true.

 

10)A rational plan to conserve the world's energy would include all of the following except 10) ______

A)voluntary ban on outdoor lighting.

B)mandatory rationing.

C)eliminating policies that reduce rates for energy as the volume consumed increases.

D)limiting fuel consumption in new cars.

 

11)The structural sources of environmental problems include all of the following except 11) ______

A)influence of powerful interest groups.

B)capitalism.

C)poverty.

D)environmental classism.

 

12)Beginning in the 1960s, when the U.S. and the United Nations began funding family planning programs in less developed countries, all of the following have happened except 12) ______

A)an increase in the number of women using contraception.

B)a decline in the number of children born in less developed nations.

C)an increase in the relative poverty rate in less developed nations.

D)a decrease in annual population growth.

 

13)The saying "what goes around, comes around," applies to which possible area(s) of involvement between the U.S. and other countries? 13) ______

A)imports of produce B) arms sales

C)both A and B D) none of the above

 

14)Which of the following does not contribute to the problem of food shortages in the Third World? 14) ______

A)environmental problems such as overgrazing, air pollution and toxic chemicals

B)population growth in countries that are already poor

C)shrinkage of productive land

D)low rates of population growth

 

15)All of the following result from the disparate spending in developing countries on military goods over social service except 15) ______

A)important natural resources are over-exploited in the Third World to help pay off debts.

B)massive debts mean decreasing money that could have been spent on education.

C)previously independent self-governing political processes must now include outside powers.

D)people become less dependent on social services and become more self-sufficient.

 

16)According to the text, wealthy nations should provide aid to developing nations with all the following provisions except 16) ______

A)that governments receiving the aid have sensible and humane plans for using the new resources.

B)that aid reaches the intended targets and not the well-off elite.

C)that goods purchased with the new resources be purchased from American companies.

D)that it be used for truly humanitarian purposes.

 

17)All of the following are examples of corporate dumping in the Third World except 17) ______

A)shipping toxic wastes there.

B)importing products from there that are also produced here.

C)selling banned products there.

D)marketing untested products there.

 

18)The slowing of world population growth will result from underdeveloped nations undergoing all the following except 18) ______

A)changes in the roles of women.

B)a return of both women and men to their traditional roles

C)access to family planning and effective methods of birth control.

D)a demographic transition.

 

19)Among the reasons Third World nations are underdeveloped is 19) ______

A)their economic domination by developed nations in the postcolonial era.

B)geography, climate, and lack of arable land and minerals.

C)a history of continuous warfare.

D)All of the above are true.

 

20)Third World countries tend to have all of the following except 20) ______

A)high debt to developed countries.

B)a wide gap between rich and poor with virtually no middle class.

C)high fertility rates.

D)knowledge that the potentially dangerous products they receive from developed countries may be hazardous.