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Marriage and Family Exam 3 Ch 8, 11-15
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Marriage and Family Exam Ch 8, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 Spring 2009

 

Ch 8

1.  An economically independent woman wants a man who

a.  supplies status        c.  protects her

b. provides well           d.  is a partner

 

2.  People often form opinions of others based on

a.  personality              c.  intelligence

b.  appearance             d.  sensitivity

 

3. According to Havfield and Sprecher (1987), the simple preference to date someone beautiful is called

a.  glow of beauty       c.  halo affect

b.  attractive status      d.  aesthetic appeal

 

4.  A marriage between a man and his mother, daughter, or sister violates the principle of

a.  endogamy               c.  heterogamy

b.  exogamy                 d.  homogamy

 

5.  Meeting someone at an amusement park, bar, or beach is an example of

a.  a field of eligibles   c,  an open field

b.  a closed field          d.  an impartial field

 

6.  According to the text, if you break up with someone

a.  you can avoid hurting your partner if you do it gently

b. it’s a good idea to try to keep on being friends, especially at first

c.  you should keep in mind you can always get back together if you get too lonely

d.  you should be sure it is what you want and not just a way to avoid dealing with important issues in the relationship

 

7.  According to Hatfield and Walster, most relationships end

a.  by mutual consent

b.  because of an outside affair

c.  with great hostility

d.  as love cools and changes

 

Ch 11

8.  According to Freud’s theory of personality, when a child eats the cookie even though s/he has been told not to, s/he has followed their

a.  id                            c.  superego

b.  ego                         d.  alterego

 

9.  According to Mead, in the _______stage children play at being specific individuals, often by dressing up

a.  game           b.  play                        c.  imitation                 d.  mimicking

10. When an infant cries to be picked up and held or to have a diaper changed and the

       parent responds by picking up the child

a.         the infant is being socialized.

b.         the parents are being socialized.

c.         the infant is accommodating its parent schema.

d.         the infant is learning through generativity.

 

11.  John requires absolute obedience from his children. This parenting style is called

            a.         authoritarian.

b.         permissive.

c.         authoritative.

d.         non contemporary

 

12.  Lucy relies on positive reinforcement and an infrequent use of punishment while showing awareness of her daughter’s feelings. Lucy’s parenting style is

a.         authoritarian.

b.         permissive.

c.         authoritative.

d.         contemporary.

 

13.       The strong bond forged between an infant and his or her primary care giver is

              known as

a.         attachment.

b.         love.

c.         affection.

d.         loyalty.

 

 

14. Girls from which ethnic group reported the highest level of self-confidence in high school?

a.         Asian Americans         c.          white

b.         Latinas                                    d.         African Americans

 

15.  Parents can foster high self-esteem in their children by all of the following except

a.         enforcing clearly defined limits.

b.         having high self-esteem themselves.

c.         responding to their child with sincere thoughts and feelings.

d.         encouraging conformity with peers so the child will be accepted.

 

Ch 12

16.  Family work is devalued in comparison to paid work because it

 

A.        involves everyone.

B.        does not require advanced education.

C.        takes place in the home.

D.        is unpaid.

 

17.       Probably the single activity to which the majority of employed men and women devote the most time outside of sleeping is

 

A.        their children.

B.        T.V. watching.

C.        their jobs.

D.        home upkeep.

 

18.  An employed woman’s leisure is rarely spontaneous because of

 

A.        workplace stress.

B.        conflicts between work and family.

C.        work spillover.

D.        role strain.

 

19.  In the _____ model, women become the domestic and child-rearing supports on whom families depend, freeing men to focus on wage earning and providing.

 

A.        one-person career

B.        two-person career

C.        unicareer

D.        bicareer

 

20.  Men tend to see their role in housekeeping or childcare as

 

A.        critical to the family.

B.        their primary role.

C.        very fulfilling.

D.        “helping their partner.”

 

21.       Men traditionally consider their primary marital role to be that of

 

A.        husband.

B.        father

C.        provider.

D.        helpmate.

 

Ch 13

22.  The view that violence stems from social systems that have traditionally placed women in a subordi­nate role to men is the _____ model of family violence.

 

A.        psychiatric

B.        ecological

C.        resources

D.        feminist

 

           

 

23.       The view that family violence arises from structural stress and cultural norms is the _____ model of family violence.

 

A.        ecological

B.        resources

C.        social situational

D.        patriarchal

 

24.  The model that holds that people learn to be violent from society at large and from their families is the ____ model of family violence.

 

A.        social learning             C.  resources

B.        social situational          D.        ecological

 

25.  All of the following describe a man who inflicts violence upon his wife except

 

A.        He believes in traditional home and family stereotypes.

B.        He has high self-esteem.

C.        He is sadistic or pathologically jealous.

D.        He believes in the moral rightness of his violent behavior.

 

26.       When tension is in the air and a woman is trying to be conciliatory, this represents what phase in the cycle of violence?

 

A.        phase l             C.        phase 3

B.        phase2             D.        phase 4

 

27.  According to Walker, women who are repeatedly abused may develop a set of psychological symptoms called

 

A.        battered women’s syndrome.

B.        assaulted spouse syndrome.

C.        post-traumatic stress disorder.

D.        none of the above

 

28.  Marital rape

 

A.        is a form of battering.

B.        has been regarded as a serious form of assault.

C.        is more likely to be identified as sexual coercion by African-American females than white females.

D.        has always been illegal in the United States.

 

29.  Women who are most likely to leave a relationship after violence has occurred

 

A.        have modern gender-role associations.

B.        have traditional gender-role attitudes.

C.        have romantic attitudes about jealousy.

D.        have discussed the problem with a professional counselor.

 

30.  To reduce the risk of date rape, women should consider all of the following except

 

A.        avoiding alcohol.

B.        going to a private party on the first date.

C.        sharing expenses.

D.        being firm and forceful.

 

31.  Lenore Walker theorizes that women stay in battering relationships as a result of ___________

 

A.        religious pressure.

B.        learned helplessness.

C.        responsibility.

D.        their belief in the American dream.

 

32.       When it comes to stopping her partner’s violence, what makes the crucial difference appears to be

 

A.        how long the violence has been allowed to continue.

B.        how the violent partner is.

C.        the violent partner’s self-esteem.

D.        the woman’s determination that the violence must cease.

 

33.  When it comes to psychological aggression by parents, Straus and Field found that

 

A.        it is extremely rare.

B.        verbal attacks on children are so common they are almost universal.

C.        name calling was the most common form.

D.        threatening to spank was the most common form.

 

34.  The first step in treating child abuse is

 

A.        education.

B.        locating the children who are threatened.

C.        removing children from abusive homes.

D.        counseling for the child.

 

Ch 14. 

35.  Scholars suggest that divorce does not represent a devaluation of marriage but

 

A.        an idealization of marriage.

B.        an obsession with marriage.

C.        a misunderstanding of marriage.

D.        all of the above

 

36.  Which of the following is associated with a decreased chance of divorce?

A.  college education                          C.  working the night shift

B.  low status occupations                  D.  low income

           

37.  The first stage of disintegration, when one partner begins to disengage, is termed

 

A.        the emotional divorce.

B.        the psychic divorce.

C.        the legal divorce.

D.        the co-parental divorce

 

38.  Division of property, alimony, and child support are aspects of

 

A.        the emotional divorce.

B.        the economic divorce.

C.        the legal divorce.

D.        the co-parental divorce.

           

39.       New ways of relating to children and former spouses are part of

 

A.        the community divorce.

B.        the economic divorce.

C.        the emotional divorce.

D.        the co-parental divorce.

 

40.  In response to parental divorce, many adolescents

 

A.        find parental separation traumatic.

B.        blame themselves for conflict preceding separation.

C.        join out-groups.

D.        become clinically depressed.

 

Ch 15

41.  What family type is the most radical departure from the traditional nuclear family?

 

A.        dual-worker family

B.        stepfamily

C.        single-parent family

D.        binuclear family

 

42.  What percentage of single-parent families is headed by women?

 

A.        87%                 C.        37%

B.        59%.                D.        3%      

 

43.  The type of single-parent family that receives the most social support is

 

A.        divorces.

B.        unmarried mothers.

C.        unmarried fathers.

D.        widowed.

 

44.       Children among what ethnic group are most likely to live in single-parent families?

 

A.        White

B.        African-American

C.        Mexican-American

D.        Puerto Rican

 

 

45.  Which of the following have been identified as strengths associated with successful single-parenting?

 

A.        communication

B.        family management

C.        financial support

D.        all of the above

 

46.       Which of the following is a post-divorce family made up of two nuclear families?

 

A.        double single-parent family.

B.        split single-parent family.

C.        binuclear family.

D.        post-divorce blended family.

 

47.       Courtship for remarriage may resemble courtship before the first marriage if

 

A.        the children are over age 12.

B.        neither partner has children.

C.        the couple is really in love.

D.        both partners are under age 30.

 

           

 

48.       Although single parents may wish to find a new partner their _____ usually remain the central figures in their lives.

 

A.        jobs

B.        ex-spouses

C.        children

D.        depressed feelings

 

49.       Remarried couples are generally unprepared for the

 

A.        change in their identity.

B.        stigma associated with stepfamilies.

C.        change in their socioeconomic status.

D.        complexities of remarried life.

 

50.       After remarriage parents are caught up in the excitement of romance but their children may be reacting with

 

A.        depression.

B.        anxiety and distress.

C.        confusion.

D.        anger.