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Marriage and Family Test 2 Ch 5-7

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Marriage and Family Exam 2 Sp09 Ch 5-7 Name_____________________________

1. Rather than formal definitions of love, we have _________ of what we mean by love stored in the backs of our minds.

a. judgments     c. prototypes

b. abstractions   d. standards

2. Feelings commonly associated with love according to Zick Rubin are

a. needing, caring, tolerating, trusting

b. trusting, happiness, desire, caring

c. caring, desiring, trusting, needing

d. happiness, caring, trusting, respect

3. Factors affecting commitment include all of the following EXCEPT

a. structural constraints   c. normative inputs

b. structural balance        d. balance of costs and benefits

4. Playful love is know as

a. mania        c. agape

b. ludus        d. storge

5. Those who are dissatisfied with __________ love often engage in extra-relational affairs to maintain the passion in their lives

a. romantic             c. consummate

b. fatuous               d. companionate

6. Infants who sense their mother’s detachment and rejection when they desire close bodily contact develop a/an ____________ attachment style.

a. anxious               c. secure

b. avoidant              d. anxious/avoidant

7. According to the research of Baumeister et al., all the following are true regarding unrequited love EXCEPT

a. unrequited love was distressing for both would-be lover and rejector

b. rejectors did not usually experience guilt

c. rejectors saw would-be lovers as self-deceptive and unreasonable

d. would-be lovers saw their rejectors as inconsistent and mysterious

8. The revelation of deeply personal information about oneself is called

a. self-disclosure                      c. shared intimacy

b. mutual self-expression          d. communication

9. According to __________ the person gaining the most from the relationship is the one who is most dependent

a. the principle of least interest

b. relative love and need theory

c. the hierarchy of rules

d. none of the above

10.  Jealousy

a. is a yardstick for measuring insecurity

b.  is a sign of love

c.  seldom maintains a relationship

d.  all of the above

11. According to John Gagnon, the inoculation thoery of sex education mean that parents

a.  repeat sexual mesages often

b.  avoid the topic of sexuality

c.  mention sexuality once and that is enough

d.  encourage open discussionn regarding sexuality 

12. Parents who overreact to children's sexual curiousity may create a sense of

a.  the should wait until they are older to become sexually active

b.  sex is only for married people

c.  sex is mysterious

d.  sex is wrong

13.  The traditional female sexual script includes all the following assumptions except

a.. sex is both good and bad

b.  men should know what women want

c.  there are many right ways to experience orgasm

d.  women shouldn't talk about sex

14.  Traditional male sexual scripts include all the following except 

a.  all physical contact leads to sex

b.  men should know what women want

c.  a man is always ready for sex

d.  men should not have or express certain feelings

15.  The final stage for accepting gay, lesbian, and bisexual identities begins with

a.  telling others

b.  asking same-sex partners for dates

c.  accepting society's biases

d.  a person's first lesbian or gay love affair

16.  Which of the following are psychoexual development tasks in middle adulthood?

a.  accepting the biological aging process

b.  reevaluting sexuality

c.  redefining sex in marital or other long-term relationships

d. all the above

17.  The single most important factor determining an older person's sexual interactions is

a. physical health                       c.  having a partner

b.  mental health                        d.  attitude

18.  The most important immediate cause of erectile dysfunctions is

a.  perfomance anxiety

b.  hostility about deteriorating relationship

c.  guilt feelings about on'es sexuality

d.  excess alcohol consumption 

19.  Men's physical responsivenes is greatest in

a. early adolescence

b.  late adolscence or early adulthood

c. their late 20's

d.  their late 30's

e.  40's

20.  In late adulthood, sexuality tends to be

a.  less diffuse                c.  more insistent

b.  less genital                d.  nonexistent

21. Compared to women's sexual fantasies, men' sexual fantasies tend to be

a.  longer

b.  less vivid

c.  about having something sexual done to them

d.  more romantic in content

22. Research has shown that couples in satisfied marriages tend to do all of the following EXCEPT

a. disclose mostly negative thoughts

b. engage willingly in conflict

c. encode and decode messages accurately

d. spend less time in conflict

23. Withholding self-disclosure erodes

a. love                      c. trust

b. friendship             d. all of the above

24. All of the following are guidelines for effective feedback to one’s partner EXCEPT

a. focus on "I" statements

b. focus on carefully thought-out advice

c. focus feedback according to its value to the recipient

d. focus feedback at an appropriate time and place

25. When a husband wants to change jobs and move to a different city, but the wife wants to remain where they are, they experience

a. basic conflict                     c. situational conflict

b. non basic conflict              d. personality conflict

26. When power is achieved through the belief that the other person has greater knowledge it is called

a. reward power                  c. expert power

b. legitimate                       d. coercive power

27. When one partner yells "You’re wrong!" and the other, "I only did what I was supposed to do!", it is an example of

a. confrontation

b. confrontation and defensiveness

c. complaining and defensiveness

d. attacking and defensiveness

28.  According to Virginia Satir (1988) _____ act frenetic and seldom say anything relevant

a.  placaters                      c.  computers

b.  blamers                       d.  distractors

29.  Telling others that we like them for who they are is

a.  trust                            c.  self-dislosure

b.  mutual acceptance       d.  feedback

30.  In ____ relationships, we see the lowest levels of violence

a.  "power divided"             c.  new

b.  egalitarian                    d.  traditonal